Global warming has emerged as one of the major threats to our planet in this century. It has been proved that due to the increase of the greenhouse gases in our outer atmosphere, the earth’s temperature has warmed by 0.74°C over the last 100 years, leading to floods, famines, droughts and cyclones among other natural disasters.
The major part of the Pakistani land is dry and barren, mainly because of the great variability in the climatic parameters. The major water resource of Pakistan is the melting snow from the Himalayan glaciers, as well as the heavy monsoon rainfalls. Although Pakistan itself contributes very little to the overall emissions of the greenhouse gases, yet it remains one of the most severely hit countries of the world by the process of global warming. Pakistan’s economy has been crippled heavily by devastating and repetitive floods during the last decade.
Pakistan’s economy has been punched heavily by the continuous spell of droughts for many years, particularly in the provinces of Balochistan and Sindh. The droughts in these areas have reduced the river flows, resulting in drying up of the irrigation canals, leading to a severe agricultural deprivation. It has also been responsible for causing immense losses to poultry and other animals, causing a general deficiency of food and water for people. The increased temperatures because of the increased greenhouse gases as well as a mismanagement of the water reservoirs need to be blamed for the condition. There is a growing consensus that steps will have to be taken to uproot the cause of these events. In addition to the formation of well thought flood and drought prevention policies, steps to reduce the overall emission of greenhouse gases have to be taken so that the planet Earth and its inhabitants can survive. Read More