Nepal is a predominantly rural society with agriculture accounting for more than a third of its gross domestic product. Recent temperature rises and reduction in winter rainfall have been affecting productivity and the livelihoods of the most vulnerable populations. A CDKN-supported project on Economic Impact Assessments of Climate Change in Nepal identified agriculture as highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Through this project, the ministry in addressing major barriers to the adaptation of climate-smart agriculture, and utilising specific opportunities to scale-up practices, which are proving to be viable in maximising climate compatible development benefits.
The project entailed a set of fully developed and costed pathways for up-scaling specific climate-smart agricultural practices. It included a strong component to train local researchers and practitioners in the dissemination of new knowledge and learnings amongst the Government and other stakeholders and to facilitate a wider integration with the agricultural policy programmes in Nepal.