Nepal is an agrarian mountainous country situated in the central Himalayas, with an altitude ranging from 60m to 8848m. Within this climatic range, the mountain ecosystem of Nepal nurtures around 118 ecosystems, 75 types of vegetation and 35 types of forest. Nepal also has 3,252 glaciers that encompass an area of 5323sq km.
However, the mountains of Nepal are geographically fragile and are extremely susceptible to the profound effects of climate change. With the acceleration of climate change, Nepal could potentially be a target of its effects.
The effects of extreme warming can present a number of difficulties to vulnerable communities residing in the mountainous areas of Nepal.
GLOFs (Glacial lake Outburst Floodsalso pose problems in sustaining livelihood in the mountains, thus pushing groups into poverty and also causing an extinction of biodiversity.The collaboration between locals and the Nepal Army’s engineering department has resulted in a successful construction of a controlled drainage system in the Imja lake. With the instalment of this dam, the persistent fear among locals has been alleviated. If activities such as these continue, the mountain ecosystem and the vulnerable communities in the mountainous regions can overcome the effects of climate change. Read More

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