Snow melting, temperature increase the effects of climate change and global warming on Pakistan, the melting of glaciers in the Himalayas, threatening the volumetric flow rate of many of the most important rivers of Pakistan. In Pakistan, such effects are projected to impact millions of lives. As a result of ongoing climate change, the climate of Pakistan has become increasingly volatile over the past several decades; this trend is expected to continue. Climate Change Mitigation Pakistan’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are low compared to international standards.
In 2008 Pakistan’s total GHG emissions were 310 million tons of CO2 equivalent. These comprised: CO2 54%; Methane (CH4) 36%; Nitrous Oxide (N2O) 9%; Carbon Monoxide (CO) 0.7%; and Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compounds 0.3%. (Source: National GHG inventory 2008).
The energy sector is the single largest source of GHG emission in Pakistan; it accounts for nearly 51% of these emissions and is followed by the agriculture sector (39%), industrial processes (6%), land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) (3%) emissions and waste (1%) (Source: National GHG inventory 2008).
As such, the most important targets for mitigation efforts focused on reduction of GHG emissions are the energy and agriculture sectors.
In the energy sector, integration of climate change and energy policy objectives is particularly important as today’s investment will “lock in” the infrastructure, fuel and technologies to be used for decades to come.
Similarly, the building and transport infrastructure put in place today should meet the design needs of the future.
Therefore, greater attention must be paid to energy efficiency requirements in building codes and long-term transport planning.
National Geography Pakistan
Published on Jul 25, 2017