This booklet showcases ten examples of successful climate-smart systems that demonstrate the diversity of potential options across different regions and agricultural systems, as well as how these options intersect with the topics of biodiversity and gender.
Akhilesh Chipli is a voice in the wilderness crying out for the forest dwellers, who for generations lived in harmony with nature and now have to contend with land mafias and ruthless middlemen trying to steal their land. Chipli explains the intentions of the Forest Rights Act (2006) and how it has gone wrong, giving forest land to people who would destroy it instead of protect it, with dire results.
The unabated emissions of greenhouse gases have induced major changes in the atmosphere, resulting in unseasonable rainfalls, severe drought and rising sea levels. Scientific Studies have proven that the by 0.8 degrees Celsius rise in temperature have melted glaciers, submerged islands and threatened coastal nations. Arun Nedunchezhian articulates that Villupuram in North Eastern Tamil Nadu has borne the brunt of changing Monsoon and altering average temperature. He underlines the need for social justice for the farmer in this changing environment of people migration by waiving loans and offering subsidized rates for fertilizers.
Dr. Ganesh Hegde has made a case for Dairy Farming which is gripping in its analysis. With an investment of Rs. 1 lakh, 3 cows and subsidized machinery for cleaning cow sheds, cutting grass we can not only have good wholesome milk but market them and make a margin. The only criterion is one move to a hilly area, close to grass land, and opts for a mix of indigenous and mixed breeds. With the breaking up of joint families and with absorption of the youth by urban glitz Dairy Farming is now corporatized as an industry – into a mega enterprise – where the cows just eat and produce milk in large sheds. Leafy foliage, ambling cattle and lazing in the shade are all now sinking into the mists of time.
Every day, another 2,000 people move to the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka. It’s nothing new – for generations Dhaka has been a magnet for those escaping rural poverty – but now climate change is accelerating the race to the city. From the Guardian.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Monday that India did not create the climate change menace but was suffering its consequences while he delivered a stern message to affluent nations, saying “those with luxury of choices” should sharply reduce emissions. His comments came on the sidelines of a high-stakes United Nations conference in Paris where over 150 world leaders have gathered in a bid to nail down a pact to limit global warming amid deep divisions between rich and poor countries. From the Hindustan Times.
This case study shares Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) regarding climate change from coastal fishing communities in and around Chennai, South India. From the Indian Journal of Fisheries.
The situation of reedbeds seems irreversible, as the rivers are drying up. What is remaining is being dug and sucked up. The birds who roost and feed their young are ‘demented’ about the changed situation. Thatched homes with straw and reeds which were a common sight is now being rapidly replaced with Tin and Plastic. We probably need to answer the Latin expression Quo Vadis – Where are you going!! Writes Lingaraja Venkatesh. [Picture Above: A Streaked Weaver Bird working on building its nest.]
This position paper by Brot für die Welt – Evangelischer Entwicklungsdienst discusses the need for the Paris agreement to show solidarity with the most vulnerable and to support them in dealing with the damage and loss associated with climate change.
The rampant municipal solid waste problem in India and its mismanagement is pointed out through a case study of the Bangalore Municipality. The author Kathyayini Chamaraj critically evaluates the pros and cons of the MSW Rules and particularly the aspects of segregation and collection.