It has been proven that the sea surface temperature has increased, the wind patterns have changed and that the biota of the estuaries have been impacted by the reduction in the flow of fresh water. Mechanized fishing have decimated most of the marine species. Industrial and tourism development have turned the sea coasts into a dumping ground for industrial wastes and garbage. Sumana Narayanan affirms that all these have impacted the viability of fishing operations and the capacity of the fisher folk to adapt. [Photo: Arun Kumar P.]
Paddy the main sustainable crop in Wayanad, a lush forested region situated in the North Eastern part of Kerala at a height of 700-2100 meters above sea level, is being replaced by cash crops like banana and areca nut. Rules are flouted with impunity and illegal construction takes place regularly. Unbridled tourism with its resorts and adventure sports are leading to deforestation and climate change. Mining and stone crushers have denuded the hills and polluted the environment. Jisha A. S. is convinced of the need for grassroots opposition to the current practices.
Three tribal groups, the Mudugar, Kurumbar and Irular who lived in the forests of Attapadi Palghat have been displaced from their natural habitat and relocated to dry waste lands and coaxed to adjust to main stream life styles. The Tribals fear that the soil, they nurtured for generations is now disintegrating under their feet. Krishnavanam, a lush green forest of 130 acres, is a beacon of hope in their midst. Writes Naseera.
Mangrove forests known as “khandal“ in ancient Sangam Tamil Literature were the vanguards on the sea coast. They withstood cyclones, strong winds and held the estuaries firmly in its place. It is the breeding ground for many of the fish species. Its enriched humus is the cradle for the propagation of plankton positioning it as the first rung in the variegated food chain. Nakeeran in this well researched article affirms that effluents from thermal and desalination plants are destroying the mangrove forests and in a matter of time the fish from the seas would be a memory of the past.
At one time the Bull Frog and the chorus of rhythmic croaks heralded the onset of Monsoon in Kerala. K. Sandeeep, with sensitivity and nostalgia speaks about the gradual reduction of different species of frogs that are on the brink of extermination.
The distribution chain from the manufacturing origin to the final consumer is dependent largely on petroleum based products. Nagesh Hegde with great fervour is calling for a transformation to a modern Green Economy by using alternate forms of energy.
By persistent hard work Abdul Kareem has converted a barren laterite rock strewn land into a natural forest, where birds, snakes and foxes coexist and thrive. The forest is now globally acknowledged as an Environmental Miracle. Narrates Muhammed Noushad.
Poornaprajna Belur asserts that it is high time we rejuvenate and maintain the tanks instead of dreaming of big dams as tanks serve the purpose of decentralised water harvesting and equitable sharing of water among the communities.
Dams would change the delicate workings of the ecosystem. Ranjith Kavumkara in this comprehensive article decries the unplanned construction of large dams in light of the proposed Athirappily Hydro Electric Project across the Chalakudy river in Kerala.
Bangalore’s lung space has been wiped out with its rapid urbanization and construction of multistory buildings. This changing scenario has initiated a trend in Terrace Gardening. Anitha Pailoor brings stories of a number of terrace gardeners who contribute to the health of the city and produce healthy and nutritious food for their family.