Mangrove forests known as “khandal“ in ancient Sangam Tamil Literature were the vanguards on the sea coast. They withstood cyclones, strong winds and held the estuaries firmly in its place. It is the breeding ground for many of the fish species. Its enriched humus is the cradle for the propagation of plankton positioning it as the first rung in the variegated food chain. Nakeeran in this well researched article affirms that effluents from thermal and desalination plants are destroying the mangrove forests and in a matter of time the fish from the seas would be a memory of the past.
At one time the Bull Frog and the chorus of rhythmic croaks heralded the onset of Monsoon in Kerala. K. Sandeeep, with sensitivity and nostalgia speaks about the gradual reduction of different species of frogs that are on the brink of extermination.
The distribution chain from the manufacturing origin to the final consumer is dependent largely on petroleum based products. Nagesh Hegde with great fervour is calling for a transformation to a modern Green Economy by using alternate forms of energy.
By persistent hard work Abdul Kareem has converted a barren laterite rock strewn land into a natural forest, where birds, snakes and foxes coexist and thrive. The forest is now globally acknowledged as an Environmental Miracle. Narrates Muhammed Noushad.
Poornaprajna Belur asserts that it is high time we rejuvenate and maintain the tanks instead of dreaming of big dams as tanks serve the purpose of decentralised water harvesting and equitable sharing of water among the communities.
Dams would change the delicate workings of the ecosystem. Ranjith Kavumkara in this comprehensive article decries the unplanned construction of large dams in light of the proposed Athirappily Hydro Electric Project across the Chalakudy river in Kerala.
Bangalore’s lung space has been wiped out with its rapid urbanization and construction of multistory buildings. This changing scenario has initiated a trend in Terrace Gardening. Anitha Pailoor brings stories of a number of terrace gardeners who contribute to the health of the city and produce healthy and nutritious food for their family.
Dalits more so the women, are considered lowest in the social hierarchy. They are relegated to working as landless labourers, sanitation workers and in jobs that are dangerous. G. Shantha a committed social activist with a great deal of verve has documented their traumatic circumstances. Their discrimination extends to not having easy access to safe drinking water and for having to travel long distances for fetching enough for their domestic consumption. They are exploited by the higher caste and the current brittle status of the Dalit women would worsen with the accelerating impact of climate change.
The bustling town of Tumkur in Southern Karnataka is a rain shadowed area and millets form the staple diet of the people living in this vicinity. The crop survives under arid conditions. In the coming years, cultivation of millets is going to be wide spread, mainly because of its rich nutrition content and ability to withstand the vicissitudes of nature. Malikarjuna Hosapalya emphasizes that the reversion to traditional method of cultivation has been proven to be economically more viable than cash crops like areca nut and ground nut farming.
The Agricultural hinterland of Tumkur and Chitradurga in Karnataka is the focus of study by M. N. Kulkarni. The decrease in the rainfall has drastically affected the cultivation of crops in this area. He emphasizes that integrated farming systems have the potential to mitigate the effects of accelerating climate change. Planting of fruit trees and forestry plants along with seasonal crops, and in common lands, school premises, temple premises can increase the green cover and enrich the soil while sequestering carbon. Pic Above: An example of a complete integrated farming system