Climate change is taking place at a rapid pace, exacerbating pressures on fragile ecosystems and human well-being. Ecosystems of the Himalayas like in the Hindu-Kush and communities dependent on them for a livelihood and other services are highly vulnerable to climate related risks.

Traditionally local communities have been adjusting to climatic and environmental changes and therefore possess a rich indigenous knowledge on adaptive practices. Natural resources management impaired by poor governance, unsustainable practices, inequitable access to resources and decision-making, increased out-migration of men and youth, is additionally threatened by climate change – particularly socio-economically disadvantaged community groups including women bear increased burden of adaptation in farm and natural resources management.

A sound understanding of their coping capacity is therefore critical for effective adaptation on the ground. Visibly affected by both climatic and non-climatic factors (e.g. lesser snowfall, extreme events, inadequate governance) community-based approaches are piloted in Jumla and Mustang districts of Nepal which aim at improving socio-ecological resilience of mountain communities.

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